Ciprofloxacin (Oral) Drug and Prescription Information
Ciprofloxacin (Oral) Medication Classification
CIPROFLOXACIN (By mouth)
Ciprofloxacin (Oral) Brandname
Ciprofloxacin (Oral) is used for the Treatment
Ciprofloxacin (sip-roe-FLOX-a-sin) Treats infections that are caused by bacteria. This medicine is a fluoroquinolone (floor-oh-KWIN-oh-lone) antibiotic.
When To Not Use Ciprofloxacin (Oral)
You should not use this medicine if you have had an allergic reaction to ciprofloxacin or to similar quinolone antibiotics such as gemifloxacin (Factive®), gatifloxacin (Tequin), levofloxacin (Levaquin®), moxifloxacin (Avelox®), norfloxacin (Noroxin®), or ofloxacin (Floxin®). This medicine is usually not given to children, except to treat anthrax.
How Should You Use Ciprofloxacin (Oral)
Tablet, Liquid, Long Acting Tablet
- Your doctor will tell you how much of this medicine to use and how often. Do not use more medicine or use it more often than your doctor tells you to.
- You may take this medicine with or without food. However, do not take this medicine with milk, yogurt, or other dairy products. Do not drink calcium-fortified juice when you take this medicine. It is okay to have dairy products or juice as part of a larger meal and then take this medicine with that meal.
- Swallow the extended-release tablet whole. Do not crush, break, or chew it.
- Shake the oral liquid for at least 15 seconds just before each use. The oral liquid has small microcapsules floating in it. These microcapsules may look like bubbles or small beads. Do not chew the microcapsules when you drink the oral liquid.Measure the oral liquid medicine with a marked measuring spoon, oral syringe, or medicine cup.
- Keep using this medicine for the full treatment time, even if you feel better after the first few doses. Your infection may not clear up if you stop using the medicine too soon.
- Drink extra fluids so you will pass more urine while you are using this medicine. This will keep your kidneys working well and help prevent kidney problems.
- The extended-release tablet (Cipro® XR) is NOT the same as the regular-release tablet or liquid (Cipro®). Use the exact medicine that your doctor prescribed. Do not use a different medicine, even if the names look alike. If a dose is missed:
- If you miss a dose or forget to use your medicine, use it as soon as you can. If it is almost time for your next dose, wait until then to use the medicine and skip the missed dose. Do not use extra medicine to make up for a missed dose.
Proper Ciprofloxacin (Oral) Storage
Store Ciprofloxacin (Oral) at room temperature away from sunlight and moisture unless otherwise stated by manufacturer's instructions or labelling. Keep Ciprofloxacin (Oral) and all medications out of the reach of children.
What To Avoid While Using Ciprofloxacin (Oral)
Ask your doctor or pharmacist before using any other medicine, including over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products.
- Make sure your doctor knows if you are also using theophylline (Slo-Bid®, Theo-Dur®), cyclosporine (Sandimmune®, Neoral®), phenytoin (Dilantin®), probenecid (Benemid®), a blood thinner such as warfarin (Coumadin®), or diabetes medicine (such as glyburide, Diabeta®, Glynase®, Glucovance®). Tell your doctor if you are using any other medicines that could cause seizures or problems with your nervous system.
- Some medicines and supplements will interfere with the way ciprofloxacin works in your body. These include antacids such as Maalox® or Mylanta®, multivitamins (with calcium, iron, or zinc), sucralfate (Carafate®), or didanosine (Videx®) powder or chewable/buffered tablets. Take these medicines at least 6 hours before or 2 hours after you take ciprofloxacin.
- Avoid caffeine (coffee, soda, chocolate) while you are using this medicine. This medicine may cause caffeine to stay in your body longer than usual.
Ciprofloxacin (Oral) Warnings
- Make sure your doctor knows if you are pregnant or breastfeeding, or if you have kidney disease, problems with your nervous system, a seizure disorder (such as epilepsy), or if you are on dialysis.
- If your symptoms do not improve or if they get worse, call your doctor.
- Call your doctor if you have pain, swelling, or tearing of a tendon. You may need to stop taking the medicine. Tendons are attached to your muscles and are located in the back of your knees, ankles, shoulders, and elbows, and in you hands and wrists.
- This medicine may make your skin more sensitive to sunlight. Use a sunscreen when you are outdoors. Avoid sunlamps and tanning beds. Call your doctor if you become very sensitive to light.
- This medicine may make you dizzy or drowsy. Avoid driving, using machines, or doing anything else that could be dangerous if you are not alert.
Ciprofloxacin (Oral) Side Effects
Call your doctor right away if you notice any of these side effects:
- Allergic reaction: Itching or hives, swelling in your face or hands, swelling or tingling in your mouth or throat, chest tightness, trouble breathing.
- Seizures, severe headache
- Severe dizziness, nervousness, anxiety, confusion, or agitation
- Skin or eyes turn yellow
- Skin rash, redness, blistering, or peeling
- Unusual thoughts, feelings, or dreams If you notice these less serious side effects, talk with your doctor:
- Nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, constipation
- Vaginal itching or discharge