Vecuronium bromide

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Vecuronium bromide and its use and the risk of an AMI

I am a Registered Nurse in Cardiac Care, I have a patient who claims that she was given Vecuroniun Bromide to her in the pre-op area and went into respiratory arrest and suffered a serious heart attack during the episode. I am trying to corralate the ...
by Valicia Eisele in Davis, California, USA, 04/20/2006

Moderate/severe skeletal muscle weakness

My 8-week old son was given this medication via IV after a traecheostomy. He was kept on the medication for 9-days. He is currently 22-months old and can not sit, stand or hold his head up without assistance, even though he is receiving physical and o...
by Joanne K in Pittsburgh, PA, 06/18/2006

Vecuronium bromide
Vecuronium bromide (Norcuron)
Vecuronium bromide
(vh-kyour- OH-nee-um)
Pregnancy Category: C Norcuron (Rx)

Classification: Nondepolarizing neuromuscular blocking agent

See Also: See also Neuromuscular Blocking Agents .

Action/Kinetics: Less likely than other agents to cause histamine release. Effects can be antagonized by anticholinesterase drugs. Onset: 2.5-3 min; peak effect: 3-5 min; duration: 25-40 min using balanced anesthesia. About one-third more potent than pancuronium, but its duration of action is shorter at initial equipotent doses. No cumulative effects noted after repeated administration. t 1/2, elimination: 65-75 min; a shortened half-life (35-40 min) has been noted in late pregnancy. Metabolized in liver and excreted through the kidney and bile. Is bound to plasma protein. Recovery may be doubled in clients with cirrhosis or cholestasis; renal failure does not affect recovery time.

Uses: To induce skeletal muscle relaxation during surgery or mechanical ventilation. To facilitate ET intubation. As an adjunct to general anesthesia. Investigational: To treat electrically induced seizures or seizures induced by drugs.

Additional Contraindications: Use in neonates, obesity. Sensitivity to bromides.

Special Concerns: Those from 7 weeks to 1 year of age are more sensitive to the effects of vecuronium leading to a recovery time up to 1 1/2 times that for adults. The dose for children aged 1-10 years of age must be individualized and may, in fact, require a somewhat higher initial dose and a slightly more frequent supplemental dosing schedule than adults. Those with myasthenia gravis or Eaton-Lambert syndrome may experience profound effects with small doses of vecuronium. Cardiovascular disease, old age, and edematous states result in increased volume of distribution and thus a delay in onset time--the dose should not be increased.

Additional Side Effects: Moderate to severe skeletal muscle weakness, which may require artificial respiration. Malignant hyperthermia.

Additional Drug Interactions: Bacitracin / High IV or IP bacitracin doses muscle relaxation Sodium colistimethate / High IV or IP sodium colistimethate doses muscle relaxation Tetracyclines / High IV or IP tetracycline doses muscle relaxation Succinylcholine Vecuronium effect

How Supplied: Powder for injection: 10 mg, 20 mg

?IV Only Intubation.
Adults and children over 10 years of age. 0.08-0.1 mg/kg.
For use after succinylcholine-assisted ET intubation.
0.04-0.06 mg/kg for inhalation anesthesia and 0.05-0.06 mg/kg using balanced anesthesia. ( NOTE: For halothane anesthesia, doses of 0.15-0.28 mg/kg may be given without adverse effects.)
For use during anesthesia with enflurane or isoflurane after steady state established.
0.06-0.085 mg/kg (about 15% less than the usual initial dose).
Supplemental use.
IV only: 0.01-0.015 mg/kg given 25-40 min following the initial dose; then, given q 12-15 min as needed. IV infusion: Initiated after recovery from effects of initial IV dose of 0.08-0.1 mg/kg has started. Initial: 0.001 mcg (1 mg)/kg; then adjust according to client response and requirements. Average infusion rate: 0.0008-0.0012 mg/kg/min (0.8-1.2 mcg/kg/min). After steady-state enflurane, isoflurane, and possibly halothane anesthesia has been established: reduce IV infusion by 25%-60%.

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