Questions | Reviews
what is the sodium content of sodomint tablets
by dr jafar khan in inida, 08/25/2011
Are there any side affects from sodium bicarbonate capsules 500 mg
by freda bone in lancashire uk, 11/08/2010
We are an oral and maxillofacial surgeons office and would like to know the implications of mixing sodium bicarbonate with lidocaine to buffer the stinging sensation during injections. My other question is why is this not added at the laboratory, or w...
by michelle in phoenix, arizona, 05/22/2006
I am concerned with having too much salt or sodium in my diet because of possibilities of high blood pressure. Would alka seltzer have a high sodium content or is sodium bicarbanate a different thing? Thanks! Judith Allison
by Judith Allison in St George, UT, 05/27/2009
I need to know the salt content of a 650 mg (10 grain) tablet of sodium bicarb
by kathy in Owensboro, KY, 02/25/2009
Classification: Alkalinizing agent, antacid, electrolyte
Action/Kinetics: The antacid action is due to neutralization of hydrochloric acid by forming sodium chloride and carbon dioxide (1 g of sodium bicarbonate neutralizes 12 mEq of acid). Provides temporary relief of peptic ulcer pain and of discomfort associated with indigestion. Although widely used by the public, sodium bicarbonate is rarely prescribed as an antacid because of its high sodium content, short duration of action, and ability to cause alkalosis (sometimes desired). Is also a systemic and urinary alkalinizer by increasing plasma and urinary bicarbonate, respectively.
Uses: Treatment of hyperacidity, severe diarrhea (where there is loss of bicarbonate). Alkalization of the urine to treat drug toxicity (e.g., due to barbiturates, salicylates, methanol). Treatment of acute mild to moderate metabolic acidosis due to shock, severe dehydration, anoxia, uncontrolled diabetes, renal disease, cardiac arrest, extracorporeal circulation of blood, severe primary lactic acidosis. Prophylaxis of renal calculi in gout. During sulfonamide therapy to prevent renal calculi and nephrotoxicity. Neutralizing additive solution to decrease chemical phlebitis and client discomfort due to vein irritation at or near the site of infusion of IV acid solutions. Investigational: Sickle cell anemia.
Contraindications: Chloride loss due to vomiting or from continuous GI suction. With diuretics known to produce a hypochloremic alkalosis. Metabolic and respiratory alkalosis. Hypocalcemia in which alkalosis may cause tetany. Hypertension, convulsions, CHF, and other situations where administration of sodium can be dangerous. As a systemic alkalinizer when used as a neutralizing additive solution. As an antidote for strong mineral acids because carbon dioxide is formed, which may cause discomfort and even perforation.
Special Concerns: Use with caution in impaired renal function, toxemia of pregnancy, with oliguria or anuria, during lactation, in edema, CHF, liver cirrhosis, with low-salt diets, and in geriatric or postoperative clients with renal or CV insufficiency with or without CHF.
Side Effects: GI: Acid rebound, gastric distention. Milk-alkali syndrome: Hypercalcemia, metabolic alkalosis (dizziness, cramps, thirst, anorexia, N&V, hyperexcitability, tetany, diminished breathing, seizures), renal dysfunction. Miscellaneous: Systemic alkalosis after prolonged use. Following rapid infusion: Hypernatremia, alkalosis, hyperirritability, tetany, fluid or solute overload. Extravasation following IV use may manifest ulceration, sloughing, cellulitis, or tissue necrosis at the site of injection.
Overdose Management: Symptoms: Severe alkalosis that may be accompanied by tetany or hyperirritability. Treatment: Discontinue sodium bicarbonate. Reverse symptoms of alkalosis by rebreathing expired air from a paper bag or using a rebreathing mask. Use an IV infusion of ammonium chloride solution, 2.14%, to control severe cases. Treat hypokalemia by IV sodium chloride or potassium chloride. Calcium gluconate will control tetany.
How Supplied: Granule, effervescent; Injection: 4%, 4.2%, 5%, 7.5%, 8.4%; Powder; Tablet: 325 mg, 520 mg, 648 mg, 650 mg