Kanamycin sulfate

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Kanamycin sulfate
Kanamycin sulfate (Kantrex)
Kanamycin sulfate
(kan-ah- MY-sin)
Pregnancy Category: D Kantrex Klebcil (Rx)

Classification: Aminoglycoside antibiotic and antitubercular agent (tertiary)

See Also: See also Anti-Infectives and Aminoglycosides .

Action/Kinetics: Activity resembles that of neomycin and streptomycin. Peak therapeutic serum levels: IM, 15-40 mcg/mL. t 1/2: 2-3 hr. Toxic serum levels: >35 mcg/mL (peak) and >10 mcg/mL (trough).

Uses: Parenteral: Initial therapy for infections due to Escherichia coli, Proteus, Enterobacter aerogenes, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Serratia marcescens and Acinetobacter. May be combined with a penicillin or cephalosporin before knowing results of susceptibility tests. Investigational: As part of a multiple-drug regimen for Mycobacterium avium complex in AIDS clients.
PO: Adjunct to mechanical cleansing of large bowel for suppression of intestinal bacteria; hepatic coma.

Special Concerns: Use with caution in premature infants and neonates.

Additional Side Effects: Sprue-like syndrome with steatorrhea, malabsorption, and electrolyte imbalance.

Additional Drug Interactions: Procainamide muscle relaxation.

How Supplied: Capsule: 500 mg; Injection: 1 g/3 mL, 75 mg/2 mL, 500 mg/2 mL

?Capsules Intestinal bacteria suppression.
1 g every hour for 4 hr; then, 1 g q 6 hr for 36-72 hr.
Hepatic coma.
8-12 g/day in divided doses.
Adults and children: 15 mg/kg/day in two to three equal doses. Maximum daily dose should not exceed 1.5 g regardless of route of administration.
For calculating dosage interval (in hr) in clients with impaired renal function, multiply serum creatinine (mg/100 mL) by 9.
?IM Tuberculosis.
Adults: 15 mg/kg/day. Not recommended for use in children.
500 mg diluted in 20 mL sterile distilled water.
250 mg in saline--nebulize b.i.d.-q.i.d.
Irrigation of abscess cavities, pleural space, ventricular cavities.
0.25% solution.

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