Colestipol hydrochloride

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Colestipol hydrochloride
Colestipol hydrochloride (Colestid)
Colestipol hydrochloride
(koh- LESS-tih-poll) Colestid (Rx)

Classification: Hypocholesterolemic, bile acid sequestrant

Action/Kinetics: An anion exchange resin that binds bile acids in the intestine, forming an insoluble complex excreted in the feces. The loss of bile acids results in increased oxidation of cholesterol to bile acids and a decrease in LDL and serum cholesterol. Does not affect (or may increase) triglycerides or HDL and may increase VLDL. Not absorbed from the GI tract. Onset: 1-2 days; maximum effect: 1 month. Return to pretreatment cholesterol levels after discontinuance of therapy: 1 month.

Uses: As adjunctive therapy in hyperlipoproteinemia (types IIA and IIB) to reduce serum cholesterol in clients who do not respond adequately to diet. Investigational: Digitalis toxicity.

Contraindications: Complete obstruction or atresia of bile duct.

Special Concerns: Use during pregnancy only if benefits outweigh risks. Use with caution during lactation and in children. Children may be more likely to develop hyperchloremic acidosis although dosage has not been established. Clients over 60 years of age may be at greater risk of GI side effects and adverse nutritional effects.

Side Effects: GI: Constipation (may be severe and accompanied by fecal impaction), N&V, diarrhea, heartburn, GI bleeding, anorexia, flatulence, steatorrhea, abdominal distention/cramping, bloating, loose stools, indigestion, rectal bleeding/pain, black stools, hemorrhoidal bleeding, bleeding duodenal ulcer, peptic ulceration ulcer attack, GI irritation, dysphagia, dental bleeding/caries, hiccoughs, sour taste, pancreatitis, diverticulitis, cholecystitis, cholelithiasis. CV: Chest pain, angina, tachycardia (rare). CNS: Migraine or sinus headache, anxiety, vertigo, dizziness, lightheadedness, insomnia, fatigue, tinnitus, syncope, drowsiness, femoral nerve pain, paresthesia. Hematologic: Ecchymosis, anemia, beeding tendencies due to hypoprothrombinemia. Allergic: Urticaria, dermatitis, asthma, wheezing, rash. Musculoskeletal: Backache, muscle/joint pain, arthritis. Renal: Hematuria, burnt odor to urine, dysuria, diuresis. Miscellaneous: Uveitis, fatigue, weight loss or gain, increased libido, swollen glands, SOB, edema, weakness, swelling of hands/feet, osteoporosis, calcified material in biliary tree and gall bladder, hyperchloremic acidosis in children.

Drug Interactions: See Cholestyramine.

How Supplied: Granule for Reconstitution: 5 g/7.5 g, 5 g/packet, 5 g/scoopful; Tablet: 1 g

?Oral Granules Antihyperlipidemic.
Adults, initial: 5 g 1-2 times/day; then, can increase 5 g/day at 1-2-month intervals. Total dose: 5-30 g/day given once or in two to three divided doses.
Adults, initial: 2 g 1-2 times/day. Dose can be increased by 2 g, once or twice daily, at 1-2-month intervals. Total dose: 2-16 g/day given once or in divided doses.
Digitalis toxicity.
10 g followed by 5 g q 6-8 hr.

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Colestipol hydrochloride

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Hulisani, Hulisani - 01/14/2014

Since symptoms of dserepsion often rise and fall, a placebo arm would help distinguish between treatment effects and background changes that normally occur over time. As long as the participants of such a trial clearly understand the protocol, are judged to be stable enough to not be unreasonably harmed by a lack of treatment if they are in the placebo arm (while of course taking into account that one or both of the drugs in this kind of trial might be more harmful than no treatment), and there is monitoring to catch warning signs of worsening symptoms (especially suicidal thoughts) in all three arms; then it seems an ethical case can be made for a placebo arm.